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  • Myths and truths about pregnancy prevention

     

    To take better care
    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 33% of pregnancies in the country are unwanted. If you are looking out for you to avoid pregnancy, knows the truth behind some common myths about contraception and pregnancy prevention, and protect yourself better.

    እርግዝናን የመከላከያ መንገዶችና እውነታቸው

     ያልተፈለገ እርግዝናን ለመከላከልና ራስዎን ከአባላዘር በሽታዎች ለመጠበቅ ሲባል የተለያዩ መንገዶችን ይጠቀሙ ይሆናል፡፡ ነገር ግን የእነዚህን መከላከያዎች እውነታዎች አውቆና ተረድቶ ጥቅም
    ላይ ማዋል እጅግ ጠቀሜታ ይኖረዋል ብዬ ስለማስብ ይህን ጽሑፍ አዘጋጅቼላችኋለሁ፡፡
    1. I can not get pregnant on my period
      “During menstruation, pregnancy risk is reduced, but not eliminated,” says Dr. Larissa Hirsch, the Nemours organization. “This may be because sometimes ovulation occurs before the end of the bleeding or because some sperm survive in the vagina until it happens.” Always protected. According to Dr. Hirsch, “if you’re taking care to avoid pregnancy, it is important to always practice safe sex: only through proper use of contraceptives could prevent embrazo with seguiridad”.
      1. 1) በወር አበባ ጊዜ የግብረ ሥጋ ግንኙነት ቢደረግ እርግዝና
        ይከሰት ይሆን?
         
        የወር አበባን በምታይ ጊዜ የግብረ ሥጋ ግንኙነት የምታደርግ ሴት የማርገዝ ዕድሏ የቀነሰ ቢሆንም ሙሉ በሙሉ ግን አይከሰትምለማለት አይቻልም፡፡ ይህም የሚሆንበት ምክንያት የወር
        አበባ ከማለቁ በፊት እንቁላል ሊፈጠር ስለሚችልና ወይንም ደግሞ የወንድ ዘር በማኅፀን ውስጥ እስከ 3 ቀን ወይንም ከዚያ በላይ የሚቆይበት አጋጣሚ ስለሚኖር ነው፡፡
    2. Breastfeeding prevents pregnancy
      “Breastfeeding inhibits ovulation, but this effect would last only a few months. Once the body regains its hormonal balance, the woman returns to be fertile, so you can get pregnant even if you are still breastfeeding,” explains Dr. Robert Zurawin, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Do not take chances
      Dr. Zurawin recommends that “if you just had a baby and you are breastfeeding, you should use contraception as you begin to have sex again. Ideally, use barriers such as condoms or diaphragm, but there are pills that would be safe during breastfeeding but before you take them, see your doctor. “
      1. 2) ጡት ማጥባት እርግዝናን ይከላከላል?
         
        ጡት ማጥባት የእንቁላል መፈጠርን የሚከላከል ቢሆንም የሚቆይበት ጊዜ ግን ለጥቂት ወራት ብቻ ስለሆነ ሰውነት ወደቀድሞ ሁኔታው በሚመለስ ጊዜ የማርገዝ ዕድልም አብሮ
        ስለሚመለስ ጡት ማጥባት እርግዝናን የሚከላከልብት ጊዜ ውስን መሆኑን መገንዘብ ያስፈልጋል፡፡
    3. Am I protected if it is my first time?
      “Even from the first time, you can get pregnant,” says Dr. Andrea S. Fernandez, Wake Forest University. “The first time you may experience some pain and some bleeding, but that has nothing to do with fertility. If you wish to avoid pregnancy, you should always protect you.”
      1. 3) የመጀመሪያ ጊዜ የግብረ ሥጋ ግንኙነት ማድረግ ላልተፈለገ
        እርግዝና ያጋልጣል?
         
        አዎን! ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ የሚደረግ የግብረ ሥጋ ግንኙነት ላልተፈለገ እርግዝና ላያጋላጥ ይችላል ብለው የሚያስቡ አንዳንዶች ያሉ ቢሆንም ይህ ከእውነት የራቀ ነው፡፡ በመጀመሪያ
        የግብረ ሥጋ ግንኙነት ወቅት ሕመምና ደም መፍሰስ ሊያጋጥም የሚችል ቢሆንም እርግዝናን ከመከላከል ጋር ግን ምንም ዓይነት ግንኙነት የሌለው መሆኑን ተገንዝቦ ተገቢውን ጥንቀቄ ማድረግ ያስፈልጋል፡፡
    4. Contraception is infallible
      “The only surefire way to prevent pregnancy is abstinence, for all contraceptive methods have some risk margin, but used correctly will provide protection to more than 90%,” says Dr. Hirsch. What is best for you?
      Before choosing a contraceptive method, Dr. Hirsch recommends that “need to know how effective each method has to prevent pregnancy, and especially the proper way to use it as misuse reduce its effectiveness. It is also important to know whether this method protects you from STIs. “
      1. 4) የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያዎች ምን ያህል እርግዝናን ይከላከላሉ?
         
        የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያዎች በትክክለኛው መንገድ ከተተገበሩ ከ90% በላይ የሚሆን የመከላከያ አቅም ያላቸው ሲሆን ተአቅቦ ግን ጥርጥር የሌለው አማራጭ ነው፡፡ የወሊድ መቆጣጣሪያ ለመጠቀም በሚታሰብ ጊዜ የትኛውን ዓይነት እንደምንመርጥና አጠቃቀሙን በተመለከተ ሐኪምዎን ማማከር ተገቢ ነው፡፡
    5. Two is better than one
      “Many believe that using a condom too tight or two condoms would provide greater protection,” said Dr. Brunilda Nazario, the Endocrine Society. “But this would only increase the friction promoting condom breakage and raising the risk of pregnancy and genital lesions”.
      1. 5) በግብረ ሥጋ ግንኙነት ጊዜ ሁለት ኮንዶሞች ደርቦ መጠቀም በእርግጥ እርግዝናን የበለጠ ይከላከላል?
         
        አብዛኛውን ጊዜ ሰዎች ሁለት ኮንዶምን ደርቦ በመጠቀም የበለጠ ጠቀሜታ እንዳለው ያስባሉ ይህ ግን እጅግ የተሳሳተ እና ከእውነት የራቀ ሲሆን ይባስ ብሎ በሚፈጠረው ፍጭት (Friction) ምክንያት የኮንዶም መቀደድ በማስከተል ላልተፈለገ እርግዝና ለአባላዘር በሽታ የመጋለጥን ዕድል በከፍተኛ ሁኔታ ይጨምራል፡፡ ስለዚህ ሁለት ኮንዶሞችን ደርቦ መጠቅም አይመከርም፡፡
    6. The pill is effective immediately
      “It all depends on when to take: if you start treatment within the first five days of the start of your period, you’ll be protected immediately However, if you start taking it at another time, you will have to wait a month to be protected.” said Dr. Steven Goldstein, the Universad New York. Take precautions
      Dr. Goldstein warns that “if you started treatment with birth control pills in a different period from the beginning of your time, you should use jointly non-hormonal contraceptive method (such as condoms) until you complete a full cycle of pills.”
      1. 6) የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ እንክብሎችን መውሰድ ወዲያውኑ እርግዝናን ይከላከላል?
         
        የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ እንክብሎች አጠቃቀም እና የሚወሰዱበትን ጊዜ በሚገባ ማወቅ እርግዝናን ለመከላከል ጠቃሚ ነው፡፡ የወሊድመቆጣጠሪያ እንክብሎችን የወር አበባ በመጣ ከመጀመሪያው ቀን እስከ አምስተኛው ቀን ውስጥ መጀመር ወዲውኑ ከአልተፈለገ እርግዝና የሚከላከል ሲሆን፣ ከዚያ ጊዜ ውጭ ከመጀመሩ ግን ወዲያውኑ የመከላከል አቅም ስለማይኖረው ኮንዶምን መጠቀም አስፈላጊ ይሆናል፡፡
         
    7. All protect against STDs?
      According to Dr. Fernandez, “only condoms can protect against sexually transmitted diseases, and prevent pregnancy. If you have multiple sexual partners, the ideal is to use this method and make you occasionally examined to know the state of your health “.
      1. 7) ሁሉም የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያዎች ከአባለዘር በሽታዎች ይከላከሉ ይሆን?
         
        ከወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያዎች ውስጥ ኮንዶምን መጠቀም ብቻ ከአባላዘር በሽታ ራስን መከላከል የሚቻልበት ዋነኛው መንገድ ነው፡፡
    8. The pill fattening?
      “Weight gain is a side effect that affects few women,” says Dr. Fernandez. “In general, it may be because the hormones increase appetite and would promote fluid retention, but even in that case, the increase would be about two pounds (one kilogram).”
      1. 8) የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ እንክብሎች የሰውነት ክብደት ይጨምራሉ?
         
        አንዳንድ ሴቶች የሰውነት ክብደት መጨመርን እንዳስከተለባቸው የሚናገሩ ሲሆን ምክንያቱም የምግብ ፍላጎትን መጨመርን ማስከተሉና ፈሳሽ በሰውነታችን እንዲቀመጥ ማድረጉ መሆኑን ጥናቶች ያሳያሉ፡፡ ስለዚህም የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ እንክብሎች መጠነኛ የሚባል የሰውነት ክብደት መጨመርን ያስከትላሉ፡፡
    9. You can become infertile
      According to Dr. Fernandez, “hormonal contraceptives do not affect long-term fertility.. Most women ovulate normally again one month after leaving the pills In other cases, ovulation could take up to six months, but Under no circumstances is lost or reduced fertility. “
      1. 9) የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያን መጠቀም መሃንነትን ያስከትላል?
         
        አያስከትልም! ሆርሞኖችን በውስጣቸው የያዙ የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያዎች ለረጅም ጊዜ ከተወሰዱ መሃንነትን ያስከትላሉ ተብሎ የሚታሰብ ቢሆንም እነዚህን የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያዎች
        መካንነትን እንደማያስከትሉ ሊያውቁት የሚገባ እውነታ ነው፡፡
    10. The condom can be replaced
      The Cleveland Clinic reports that some people use balloons or food casings instead of condoms. However, warns the institution, these materials would not meet either the penis or could easily break during sex, raising the risk of pregnancy and genital injuries.

                       

           10) ኮንዶምን በሌሎች ቁሳቁሶች መተካት ይቻላል?
     
    በፍፁም አይቻልም! በግብረ ሥጋ ግንኙነት ጊዜ ኮንዶምን በሌሎች እንደ ላስቲክ፣ ፈኛ፣እና የመሳሰሉ ቁሳቁሶች ተክቶ መጠቀም በፍፁም ተገቢ ያልሆነ ድርጊት እና ከአልተፈለገ እርግዝናም ሆነ
    ከአባላዘር በሽታም በጭራሽ እንደማይከላከል ሊያውቁት ይገባል፡፡
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  • HomeSend, Mastercard aim to transform the $3bn remittance industry in Ethiopia

    Remittance service launched with CBE signals evolution of Ethiopian payment ecosystem

    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – September 21, 2016 – HomeSend and the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia (CBE) today announced a new remittance service at the US-Africa Business Forum, that will allow more than 100 million Ethiopians to send funds directly to any mobile number in the East African country.

    Launched in 2014, HomeSend is a joint venture of Mastercard, eServGlobal and BICS that enables business to business cross-border and cross-network transfers. Consumers can send money to and from mobile money accounts, payment cards, bank accounts or cash outlets, regardless of their location or that of the recipient. It is free for receivers and is accessible to anyone with a mobile number, and empowers the sender to transfer funds at a low cost through the HomeSend secure network of money transfer operators and banks.

    HomeSend will be available in Ethiopia before the end of the year, says Bekalu Zeleke, President of CBE. “At the CBE, we believe that embracing technology is integral to bringing the best possible service to our customers. HomeSend is an example of how, when working with the right partner, like Mastercard, a financial institution can improve the lives of its customers.”

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  • BBC Refugee crisis: Plan to create 100,000 jobs in Ethiopia

     

    Britain, the European Union and the World Bank have announced a plan to create 100,000 jobs in Ethiopia to help tackle the migrant crisis.

    Two industrial parks will be built in the country at a cost of $500m (£385m).

    Ethiopia, which proposed the plan, will be required to grant employment rights to 30,000 refugees.

    UK Prime Minister Theresa May said the project would be a model for how to support poorer countries housing large numbers of migrants.

    Ethiopia hosts more than 700,000 asylum seekers, mainly from South Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia.

    South Sudan refugees reach one million mark

    The deal, which was announced on Wednesday at the UN summit on refugees in New York, will be funded by loans from the European Investment Bank (EIB) and grants from the UK and the World Bank.

    As part of the agreement Ethiopia will grant refugees employment rights, which many currently do not have.

    A number of the new positions will be reserved for Ethiopia's growing number of young jobseekers.

     

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  • Ethiotelecom Promises to reduce internet tariffs

     

    The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT) is set to reduce internet tariffs.

    “The questions asked by people arising from high Internet service fee are acceptable,” said Dr Debretsion Gebremichael who is the Deputy Prime Minister for Finance and Economic Cluster and Minister for MCIT.

    “As a result, the government will reduce the internet costs after a study in this fiscal year. However, the voicemail tariffs remains unchanged since the costs are minimal compared to other African countries,” he added.

    Dr. Gebremichael assured the nationals of the improvement of the telecommunication services in the country and promised to lay more attention on the services this year.

     Source: www.news.et 
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